Lima is the capital city of the republic of peru.6? it is located on the central coast of the country; on the shores of the pacific ocean; forming an extensive and populous urban area known as metropolitan lima; flanked by the coastal desert and spread over the valleys of the squeaky rivers; rímac and lurín. according to the peruvian census of 2017; lima has more than 8, 5 million inhabitants; note 1? while its urban agglomeration has more than 9; 5 million inhabitants; 8? 30% of the peruvian population; figures that make it the most populous city in the country. on january 18, 1535; the spanish foundation was made with the name of the city of the kings in the agricultural region known by the natives as lima; name he acquired over time. it was the capital of the viceroyalty of peru and the largest and most important city in south america during the spanish imperial america. after independence it became the capital of the republic. lima is the seat of one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the new world. san marcos national university; founded on may 12, 1551; during the spanish viceregal regime; it is the oldest university in continuous operation in america. at present it is considered as the political center; cultural; financial and commercial of the country. at the international level; it is the third most populous metropolitan area in latin america; in addition, the city occupies the fifth place in the most populated cities in latin america and is one of the thirty most populated urban agglomerations in the world.9? for its geostrategic importance; has it been defined as a global city of "beta class" .10? jurisdictional; the metropolis extends mostly within the province of lima and in a smaller portion; westward; within the constitutional province of callao; where the seaport and the jorge chavez airport are located. both provinces have regional autonomy since 2002. autocad - dwg.